1 مدرس گروه هنر اسلامی دانشگاه هنر اسلامی تبریز
2 مربی هیات علمی گروه نقاشی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس
عنوان مقاله [English]
Shahnameh Tahmasebi from Safavid era and Akbarnama related to the Mongol’s time are such master pieces of miniature in the tenth century which not only have the same structures but also identical outwards. This study is aimed to investigate these works performed by semiotic approach and based on the concept of dual opposition that is one of the basic concepts in the structuralism criticism and theories of linguistics and semiotics.in this system, everything depends on the relationship.the sing as a unite of signifier and signified, influenced by the culture too.
The questions of this investigation has shown as follow:
1- what kind of production essence does these master pieces incorporate?
2- From what extent Signs in the pictures that are each pairwise comparisons, grant signified to their signifiers and would make a relationship to the meaning area?
This project has been performed in a descriptive-analytic approach and library-based method.
Research and study on the miniatures of these two versions show that: Tendency to the limited space, priority of culture signs over the nature, crowd of people, compaction in the box and plan with a realistic view and assistance of the structural factors. On the contrary, characteristics such as display in the open space and lush nature, the systematic distribution in the figures, colors and components of an image, two-dimensional plan and creating a multi-dimensional space are the characteristics of the miniature in Shahnameh tahmasebi. This creates a kind 1o1f1 7symbolized narrative that is placed in front of described narrative of miniature of Akbarnameh.