عنوان مقاله [English]
The spread of the printing industry is one of the important cultural changes in the Qajar era.
In this era for the first time knowledge was not exclusive to the libraries and the education system undergone a modern change through printing books. The study of the changes in this course may open a new window to the cultural historical course of this country. The goal of this study is to depict the formation phases of printing industry and the introduction of the letterpress printing in Iran, in order to show more clearly the efforts of the founders and first publishers of these books in organizing this printing technique and inspiring enthusiasm in readers to study them, also to identify the individuals from the society and even from the Qajar state who played notable parts in carrying out these goals.
This research is based on library sources and field research, and uses descriptive- analytical method. Therefore a number of books from that era were closely observed and photographed. With regard to the vast quantity of data, after gathering data, the notes were categorized, described, examined and analyzed. This research tries to identify the factors of formation of the printing industry in Qajar era and study the role of individuals, social events and centers in this case. The establishment of the letterpress publishing house in the Qajar era was caused by the same changes which lead to the publishing of books contrary to the Iranians beliefs in the books they were accustomed to for years. This research reveals that the publishers, with regard to the traditional art of book, printed books by using type pieces, and their gradual yet planned act, reinforced the foundations of science, religion and culture. This course is traceable in the books published in Tabriz, Tehran and Isfahan cities.