عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Kufic script is the first Islamic writing style which has elegance and firmness. The oldest version of Quran was in ancient Kufic style and it is ascribed to Imam Ali (AS).
Reading this writing style was so complicated that resulted in the invention of the sextet fonts. Finally with the graphic relations, the letters demonstrated a textual portrait of a language and the fonts were invented, which was one of the effective factors in graphic arts.
Among the well-known fonts in graphic domain, we can name the “Mola" font and since its designing was based on ancient Kufic Qurans ascribed to Imam Ali (AS), it is called Mola.
This font as a whole is similar to ancient Kufic writing style, but due to the obvious differences in form of its letters and their combinations, we understand that this font was formed according to the standardization of letters in it.
The main goal of this essay is to know the structure of this font and comparing that with the ancient Kufic style, pathology of the letters and the study of its similarities and differences with the ancient Kufic style, as well as editing this font for the correct use in graphic arts. For better comparison, the letters of these two fonts are put in tables, and there are also some axes to show the geometrical order of letters.
The questions of the research would be:
1. What are the rules and principles of the Mola font?
2. What are the differences and similarities of the Mola font with the ancient Kufic font?
The research is based on the descriptive-analytical method and the data collection was based on library sources and field observation.
Among the achievements of this research, the changes in designing the letters of Mola font, noncompliance in letter seats regarding the combinations in this font, and variable thickness in connections between the letters are observed.