نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشآموختۀ کارشناسی ارشد باستانشناسی، دانشگاه تهران.
2 استادیار گروه باستان شناسی دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Mural painting is one of the decorative Arts in the Arsacid period. The mural paintings of Arsacid period is discovered from some pivotal sites. One of them is Dura-Europos. The paintings of Dura-Europos have been depicted on the walls of private homes and shrines. The main question of this study was to investigate the painting styles and cultural influences of shrines the gods of Palmyra, the Mithraeum, the church and the synagogue. In this note, Mural paintings have been comparative studied by library procedures and its main aim has been to compare this paintings with arts such as Arsacid, Hellenistic, Roman and Mesopotamian. For this purpose, each of paintings characteristics were been compared with discovered samples of Arsacids, Hellenistic, Roman and Mesopotamia arts. The paintings of Dura shrines and artistic elements used in them, showed some traces of local Mesopotamian art, peregrine Hellenistic – Roman and Arsacid Art. But certainly, western (Roman and Hellenistic) art has been had very little impact and more have been influenced by Persian-Arsacid art. Features of Arsacid art clearly visible in the paintings of this site. It has been determined according to the survey paintings of four the worshiping buildings in question, despite of the establishment of the Dura-Europos city in the seleucid period and the conduction it under the domination of Roman and Arsacids, from point of view artistic orientation and the artistic style that spread all over in the history of this city, it mostly has been influenced by eastern styles of the Persian-Arsacid.