عنوان مقاله [English]
In the historical course of culture and civilization, art and the visual media have provided significant materials and intermediaries for the survival and raising of the level of human consciousness. One of the examples of this application, is the use of human imagery as a metaphorical sign in ancient art works. Regarding this issue, the purpose of this study is to examine the role of activist human beings in Jiroft Chlorite Vessels, with emphasis on visual elements and values as well as inspirational concepts. This research is based on a descriptive-analytical method, relying on library sources in response to these questions: 1. what are the characteristics of the role of activist human through visual reading of Jiroft Chlorite Vessels? 2. What are the concepts of the role of activist human represented in Jiroft Chlorite Vessels with regard to visual analysis? The initial finding of the writers is that the repetition of the role of man in semantic system of the works of Jiroft and the focus of its existence in relation to other beings, are the result of mankind’s god-like thinking, the symbol of the dualities of the human soul, humanitarian totalitarianism associated with the roots of common beliefs. Secondly, due to the multiple interactions between human elements, these symbolisms are created by designing a visual and special form to indoctrinate the concepts of human-hero and by using the primordial human percepts of a powerful human being that is not merely individual and specific to artists of Jiroft or inspired by their inner inspirations, but is universal as well.
The role of the activist human is one of the greatest symbolic visual manifestations in Jiroft's works, which enables them to visualize the horizons of human history in ancient Iran. Jiroft's artist has an ontological approach to his world, and in the end, he has fashioned such creations that show the theme of human thinking in the Bronze Age. The visual connection in the creation of motifs by activist human is a mental and practical effort through the proper utilization of various visual elements and qualities in order to make a connection between the form and the concept. The semantic susceptibility and visual beauty of Jiroft's motifs have been remarkable in expressing the subject and decoration, and in combination with the creator's awareness of individual aesthetics and nature, they have promoted the quality of art and the creation of insignificant designs.
In fact, the images of the nature in that period are derived from the fact that the artist has explained the position of man in the nature and environment of his life. The artist's purpose seems to be the recall of the human role in the mind of the viewer through the repetition of man-made heroes. This dual concept can be derived from the early human hierarchies of mankind-hero as a man of action or superior force, probably with the aim of stabilizing human standing in nature or inspiration from the role of man in the ordinary way in the universe. It seems that the Jiroft artist has an ontological approach to his world, and has made such creations that are full of mythological symbols and the theme of the human thinking in the Bronze Age. The sequencing of the role of the human being can also be attributed to the inspiration of the creators to insinuate certain mythical, religious themes. The symbol of activist human beings along with other symbols contains the common concept of the combination of opposites, such as life and death, symbolic implications, such as displaying the natural realm of human life, cosmic features, and the god of a human species-hero, as a ruler over the mountains with symbols of nature like stars and moon. The scenes of the struggle between man and animal in nature are also a show of two contradictory and complementary powers that seem to be in an endless struggle, and in a symbolic state, they intend to build their supernatural powers. In spite of the combination of different animal members in the body of imaginative creatures, human bodies appear to be active and muscular. The visual association in the creation of man-made motifs is the result of a mental effort through the proper utilization of various visual elements in order to link the form and the concept. In this regard, inspired by the early prototypes of the powerful man, the symbolic concepts and the god of the species, such as the absolute ruler, human, hero, are created immensely frequent; however, despite the artist's success in applying actual faces and the combination of human actors as a central element in the system of Jiroft's works, there is no specific concept in the various creations of these symbols, and although they are beautiful in terms of type and meaning, they provoke different forms of thought in the mind of the audience.