عنوان مقاله [English]
Sculptors are known as the drawing the base of success in shaping a work of art and it has been found its particular place by experience. But usually have less desire to speech about it. Using this description, the behavior of professional artists for design is a kind of "Heuristic research". They have special attention to video sources, delves deeply in images and interested in taking image notes and finally benefit for the scheme of statue from it. Attention to this “Heuristic research” and its analysis, as a traditional process has effect on innovative stage of the design which is "schema". It has also effect on problem solving methods based on analogical reasoning.This paper in the meant while of attention to theoretical foundations of analogical reasoning, study on inductive problem solving process in relation to the formation of the schemes. In one test, application of analogical reasoning in formation of a pilot scheme was studied, using a pretest-posttest control group and the experimental group.The data were collected using the performance measurement and ranking of the results through performance measurement and layout of the students by a highly qualified jury. The results showed that, compared visual and analogical reasoning leads to shaping the development of schemes to facilitate the students to improve the value of innovative schemes.